An Overview of Agriculture
Agriculture is the science, craft and practice of raising livestock and plants. In ancient times agriculture was the primary development in the evolution of sedentary human society, whereby agriculture of domestic species made large-scale food surpluses which allowed humans to live largely in towns. Agriculture is the process of creating and maintaining crops for human consumption and can be classified into tillage, crop rotation, fencing and planting. The practice of agriculture has taken different forms in different parts of the world. In Europe tillage means the cultivation of a specific kind of grass. In the United States the primary use of pesticides, fertilizers and herbicides is done on a farm rather than in a commercial way.
Agriculture has played a major role in saving millions of acres of wildlife every year. Several researches have been undertaken on the conservation of agricultural biodiversity. In recent years several projects dealing with agricultural biodiversity have come up across several countries.
Agriculture is an essential activity for the conservation of agricultural biodiversity. Agriculture has provided enough room for improvement in many aspects of the economy. Proper implementation of agricultural policies can contribute significantly towards the conservation of wild life. A wide range of crops is produced by cultivation of domestic, wild, and even endangered plants. The production of fruits, vegetables and other perishable items like milk, eggs and meat is highly dependent on agricultural biodiversity.
Domesticated animals are also a major contributor to the conservation of agriculture. A variety of breeds of cattle, pigs, horses and swine are used for domestic purposes. These domesticates, mainly the humped breeds, were first used in early agriculture. Later on tractors, combines and harvesters replaced them. An increase in population, coupled with an increase in demand for agricultural products, led to the intensive commercialization of farming.
A significant role in agriculture has been played by agriculture-related agriculture. Agriculture has depended largely on animal husbandry since centuries. Though most of the food we consume today is obtained from plants, agriculture has depended on animal husbandry since ancient days. Agriculture is largely dependent on animal husbandry for animal products like milk, eggs, meat and furs. Agriculture has also contributed substantially to the development of modern medicines, concepts such as pesticides and fertilizers, and methods of crop rotation.
Crops in agriculture have become an important source of food and raw material, although they are still not very efficient in producing crops. Modern day agriculture has many faces, the main among them being the development of new crops, techniques of farming, and livestock rearing. Agriculture also involves the use of pesticides and herbicides. Agriculture continues to be one of the main drivers of development in the world as it provides a variety of jobs to millions of people and contributes largely towards the Gross Domestic Product.