Animal husbandry is basically the branch of agribusiness concerned with the raising of animals for milk, fibre, meat, eggs, or any other useful products. It involves the intensive raising of animals, day-to-day upkeep and selective breeding. An important part of animal husbandry is dairy farming; this sector includes all milk producing industries such as cow and goat farms, and poultry and horse farms. Other animal husbandry sectors are fur, poultry, feedlot, specialty feedstuff industries, etc.
Dairy farming is one of the animal husbandry sectors that have experienced the most rapid growth. The increase in demand for milk products, and milk production, have led to an increase in the number of farms. Some of the animal husbandry activities that constitute a part of dairy farming are animal husbandry, feeding, shearing, production, packaging, and processing of milk products, etc. The other activities considered essential for dairy farming are marketing and business aspects such as advertising, selling, etc., which are also carried out by dairy farmers.
The beginnings of the modern dairy farming can be traced back to the early nineteenth century. Prior to that time, farm animals were farmed mainly for their meat and milk. In fact, the early American dairy farmers made use of the hogs and ox for the purpose of raising them for the purpose of milk and meat. The early nineteenth century saw the emergence of a new concept in agricultural terms, that is, the intensive farm production of dairy products.
The objective behind the production of large scale dairy products was to create a large scale food supply for the growing population. This resulted in the development of new technologies that enhanced the productivity and profitability of the farmers. With the development of the new technologies, the quality of the livestock products produced also improved a great deal. As a result, the demand for dairy products began to grow rapidly. Also, with the progress in the technology, the process of rearing the animals became a lot easier and efficient.
A large number of changes took place in the animal husbandry sector throughout the 19th century. One such major change was the introduction of the mechanical whelking machine that allowed farmers to increase the production of milk and meat. Another innovation was the use of the mechanical slaughterer that allowed large number of animals to be killed in a single procedure. Another important innovation was the development of the mechanical droppings collector that made collection of faeces of domestic animals much more convenient and hygienic.
Although, agriculture has taken care of most of the domestic pests until today, there are always chances of new pests entering the system. In order to protect their interests, farmers of animal husbandry have come up with numerous rules and regulations for the proper and safe raising of farm animals. These rules and regulations to ensure a healthy environment for the entire farming industry. These rules and regulations are calling as animal husbandry rules since these are mostly applicable to the dairy, pig, poultry and other farm animals.